History of Alcoholics Anonymous
(Three One-hour videos
presented by Wally Paton: Archivist, Historian and Author)
1: The Miraculous
3: The Four Founding Moments of Alcoholics Anonymous
following material is from the script used by Wally Paton to
produce the segment on the first founding moment of Alcoholics
note there is no reference to Rowland Hazard meeting or being
under the care of Carl Jung in Switzerland during this time period
because there is no historical evidence in the Rowland Hazard
archival collection to support this premise.
3. Slide: Four Founding Moments
Rowland Hazard joins the Oxford Group in 1933 and
carries the message of recovery to Ebby T. in Manchester,
Vermont in August 1934.
Ebby T. carries the message to Bill W. on November 25,
1934 at 182 Clinton Street in Brooklyn, New York.
Bill W. has a “white flash” spiritual experience at
Towns Hospital in New York City on or about December 14, 1934.
Bill W. carries the message to Dr. Bob S. on May 12,
1935 at the Seiberling Estate Gatehouse in Akron, Ohio.
4. Slide: First Founding Moment
going to go through each of these events in more detail so you
can see for yourselves the miraculous nature of these
5. Slide: Rhode Island Historical Society
first part of the story contains new historical information
about Rowland Hazard. His
archival records are stored at the Rhode Island Historical
Society in Providence RI.
I have been working with an archivist there for the
past several years putting together some of the missing pieces
in Rowland’s life.
Rowland Hazard was a young, talented and wealthy financial
wizard. He was
born into a socially prominent Rhode Island family whose roots
went back 350 years. After
graduating from Yale University in 1903, Rowland went to work
in the family business, which consisted of woolen mills and
chemical plants. In 1920 several of the plants merged into
what is now the Allied Chemical Company and Rowland was
elected to the Board of Directors. As the years passed it
became evident that Rowland had a problem with alcohol and by
1929 he was on the verge of losing everything.
6. Slide: Time Line from 1930-1934-Close-up
the extensive amount of material in the Hazard collection, the
Rhode Island Historical Society was able to compile a complete
time line on Rowland from 1930-1934.
7. Photo: Hospital Admissions-Cancelled Checks
1932, Rowland was hospitalized twice in the state of New York
starting in 1933, Rowland went under the care of one of the
foremost authorities on Alcoholism in the United States,
was under Courtney Baylor’s care for over a year.
8. Photo: Rowland Hazard Letters
Rowland’s letters it would appear that he joined the Oxford
Group in February of 1934.
He took the Oxford Group Four Steps and started working
with others. One
of those people he carried the Oxford Group message to was
the summer of 1934, Rowland was vacationing in Vermont with
two of his Oxford Group associates, Cebra Graves and Shep
Cornwell when he heard about the plight of one of his
elementary school friends, Ebby T. It seemed that Ebby was once again in trouble with the law
and this time he was about to be sent to the state insane
asylum for an indefinite period of time.
seemed that Ebby just couldn’t stay sober and when drinking
he couldn't stay out of jail.
This time Ebby had driven his car, in broad daylight,
through the side of a house.
car ended up in the kitchen, which is where the lady of the
house was working. Ebby
crawled out of the car and asked the woman, “May I trouble
you for a cup of coffee?”
Well, the woman thought Ebby was crazy and so did the
judge was about to sentence Ebby to the state insane asylum
when Rowland and his Oxford Group friends intervened.
Rowland asked the judge to release Ebby into his
interest is that Courtney Baylor was in the Bennington, VT
area when Ebby was released.
The bill for his professional services shows that
Courtney was in the Bennington area on August .15-16, 1934
9. Photo: Courtney Baylor Bill for Services
15 to September 15, 1934 $150.00